Question by Kylie Awesome: How has the lava lamp developed over time since invented and why?
Answer by Ted H
Singapore-born inventor Craven Walker was having a pint in post W.W.II England. The pub’s decor included a fascinating lamp, which Craven Walker described as a “contraption made out of a cocktail shaker, old tins and things.” It was to become the starting point and inspiration for Craven Walker’s design.
The liquid-filled inventor proceeded to purchase the equally liquid-filled lamp, whose creator (Mr. Dunnett) Walker later discovered had died. Walker became determined to make a better version of the novelty item and spent the next decade and a half doing so (inbetween running an international house-swap agency and making films about nudism.) Walker worked on improving the lamp with his company the Crestworth Company of Dorset, England.
Initially local retail merchants thought his lamps were ugly and disgusting. Luckily, for Craven Walker the “Psychedelic Movement” and the “Love Generation” came to dominate 60′s merchandising in Great Britain and sales of the lava lamp soared. It was the perfect light for modern times, Walker declared. “If you buy my lamp, you won’t need to buy drugs.”
Craven Walker perfected a secret Lava recipe of oil, wax and other solids. The original model had a large gold base with tiny holes to simulate starlight, and a 52 oz. globe that contained red or white Lava and yellow or blue liquid. He marketed the lamp in Europe under the name of Astro Lamp. Two American entrepreneurs saw the lava lamp displayed at a German trade show and bought the rights to manufacture the lava lamp in North America under the name Lava Lite lamp.
Before selling his company, sales of the lamps had exceeded seven million units. Today with over 400,000 lava lamps made each year, the Lava Lamp is enjoying a comeback. Craven Walker’s originally company, the Crestworth Company, changed names to Mathmos in 1995 (a reference to the bubbling force in Barbarella.) They still manufacture the Astro, Astro Baby, and more Lava Lamps in their original home of Poole, Dorset, UK. Today’s modern lava lamp use Borosilicate glass that can withstand quick extremes in temperature.
Craven-Walker got the idea for the original lamp design after walking into a pub in Hampshire, England and noticing a rather odd item sitting on the counter behind the bar. It was a glass cocktail shaker that contained some kind of mucus-like blob floating in liquid. Upon inquiry, the bartender told him it was an egg-timer. The ‘blob’ was actually a clump of solid wax in clear liquid. The bartender explained… “You put the shaker in the boiling water with your egg, and as the boiling water cooks the egg it also melts the wax turning it into an amorphous blob of goo.”
When the wax then floated to the top of the jar, your egg was done. Craven-Walker saw a money-making opportunity in front of him – turn the egg-timer into a lamp with thicker oil that would form sculptural shapes and sell it to the public. He set about tracking down the inventor of the original design. The inventor, known only by his last name of Dunnet, was deceased, allowing for Craven-Walker to patent the invention for himself.
Craven-Walker spent the next 15 years perfecting Dunnet’s invention so that it could be mass-produced. The Astro Lamp was launched in 1963, just ahead of the craze for all things psychedelic. Craven-Walker’s factory was built in Poole, Dorset where it still is in production today. Craven-Walker sold rights to his creation to Mathmos, one of Britain’s fastest-growing companies, staying on as a consultant until his death at age 82 of cancer.
In 1965, Craven-Walker introduced his Astro Lamp at a novelty convention in Hamburg, West Germany. Two Americans named Adolph Wertheimer and Hy Spector, in awe with the lamp’s beauty, asked to purchase the American rights to the lamp. The Astro Lamp was then brought to North America and renamed Lava Brand Motion Lamps and production took off in Chicago, Illinois. Lava Brand Motion Lamp sales peaked in the late ’60s when slow-swirling coloured wax happened to coincide perfectly with the undulating aesthetics of psychedelia. They were advertised as ‘head trips that offered a motion for every emotion’. Employees take an oath of secrecy upon being hired so that the mystery of the Lava Lamp’s inner workings are never revealed.
Add your own answer in the comments!
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Check out these honda civic engine swaps images:
K20A EK Civic Swap
Image by David Atkinson Images
K20A from a DC5 Integra swapped into Wongs EK Civic sedan.
Press ‘L’ to view large!
Wong Fitment Civic
Image by David Atkinson Images
Taken at the V 4&Rotary Nationals 2012.
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(PRWEB) May 13, 2013
Long Distance Moving Companies has created a database of reputable moving companies. People can request free quotes from the leading movers within minutes. Pre-screened service providers will send quotes directly to them. The companies will offer their lowest rates because they will be competing for the customer?s business. This is a no-obligation offer.
The credentials and reputation of the moving services are checked carefully before they are included in the database. The database is updated and reviewed regularly to ensure that the companies are making their customers happy.
People can get much better deals by shopping around for the best offers. They need to check the reputation of the moving companies before they decide. It is best to start looking for reliable companies well before the day of the move, so there will be enough time to compare quotes. A moving checklist can help people to remember all the things they need to do to prepare for the move.Read More
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Zamansky & Associates LLC Announces The Filing Of Another FINRA Arbitration For A UBS Willow Fund Investor
New York, New York (PRWEB) April 28, 2013
The Statement of Claim in the arbitration alleges that the UBS Willow Fund was a purported distressed debt fund that was recommended and sold by UBS Financial Services to its brokerage customers. The Statement of Claim alleges that the UBS Willow Fund materially deviated from its disclosed strategy of investing in distressed debt, and instead speculated in foreign sovereign debt credit default swaps (CDS). The Statement of Claim alleges that these foreign sovereign CDS carried risks that were far greater in magnitude and different in nature than those disclosed to investors. The Statement of Claim also alleges that investors were never made aware of the change in fundamental strategy, and that these CDS eventually sank the UBS Willow Fund causing it to suffer 70% or more losses. The investor asserts claims of unsuitability, breach of fiduciary duty and failure to properly supervise and seeks damages for the losses incurred.
The problems associated with the UBS Willow Fund are discussed in a March 30, 2013 article entitled “If A Fund Turns On A Dime, Watch Your Dollars, ” by Gretchen Morgenson, New York Times.
What UBS Willow Fund Investors Can Do
If you invested in the UBS Willow Fund, and would like to have your brokerage accounts reviewed or discuss your legal rights, you may, without obligation or cost to you, email jake(at)zamansky(dot)com or call the law firm at (212) 742-1414.
About Zamansky & Associates LLC
Zamansky & Associates LLC is one of the leading law firms specializing in securities fraud, FINRA arbitration and class action litigation. Our FINRA attorneys represent both individual and institutional investors. Our practice is nationally recognized for our ability to aggressively prosecute cases and recover losses.
Zamansky & Associates, LLC
50 Broadway – 32nd Floor
New York, NY 10004
Jake Zamansky, 212-742-1414
Question by rishabh: how has indian tourism developed in resent yrs?
im a 10the in the search of some good answer so that im ale 2 complete my sst project. ps help me.
Answer by bibsian
indian tourism is booming , i live in the uk ( scotland ) and india is now the 4th most popular destination from this country
places like the taj mahal , and bombay and calcutta are amongst the most popular destinations
one of the reasons for the popularity is the fantastic exchange rate for your money , a little money goes a long way in india
another reason for its popularity is indians from this country and all over europe going back to visit the country
i hope some of this helps
all the best
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Montana Enacts Registration Requirement for Multilevel Distribution Companies, Direct Selling Association Members Exempt
Washington, DC (PRWEB) May 08, 2013
Effective immediately, all multilevel distribution companies which are not subject to the self-regulatory requirements of the Direct Selling Association (DSA) and operating in the state of Montana will be required to register as such via certified mail with the Montana Securities Commissioner?s office. Registration must be renewed on an annual basis. The new enactment is an expansion of the law?s pre-existing registration requirement for some multilevel distribution companies.
Members of the Direct Selling Association are now specifically exempt from the registration requirement by virtue of their coverage under DSA?s self-regulatory requirements.
State Sen. Larry Jent (D) introduced Senate Bill 20 in coordination with the Montana Securities Commissioner?s Office. The legislation outlines a registration process and fee for multilevel distribution companies and differentiates between legitimate multilevel distribution companies and fraudulent schemes.
DSA worked closely with the Commissioner?s office to ensure that consumers were protected from illegal pyramid schemes and that legitimate direct sellers were not affected. DSA Senior Director of Global Regulatory Affairs, Valerie Hayes, testified during Montana House and Senate hearings in support of the bill, along with the Montana Retail Association and representatives from the Securities Commissioner?s Office. The bill passed the Montana House by a vote of 42-5 and the State Senate with a vote of 81-18.
?Montanans need protection from pyramid schemes and easy access to opportunities in direct selling,? said Jent. ?By partnering with the industry, this law protects consumers and valuable economic opportunities alike.?
The Commissioner?s Office recognized that, in order to be accepted into DSA membership, companies must undergo a thorough review process to ensure compliance with one of the strongest self-regulatory codes in business today, the DSA Code of Ethics.
Given that DSA?s membership review process is more rigorous than the review process implemented with the Montana registration requirement, the Commissioner?s office supported the exemption of DSA member companies from the registration requirement.
“Any time we can partner with industry and protect consumers it is a win-win for Montana,” said Montana Securities Commissioner Monica J. Lindeen. “I thank the DSA for their willingness to work with my office to protect business opportunities and root out scams. The DSA’s membership oversight is more rigorous than what the original bill envisioned. With some good amendments, the new law leverages the DSA’s self-policing efforts to avoid duplication for our legitimate MLM industry.”
?The Direct Selling Association applauds the efforts of Sen. Larry Jent, the Montana Securities Commissioner?s Office and all who have worked to defend the very rights that ensure legitimate direct sellers may continue to operate as a driving force in our nation?s economy,? said DSA President Joseph Mariano. ?Montana has further progressed in its efforts to put illegal pyramid schemes out of business. Likewise, the Montana Securities Commissioner?s Office has appropriately recognized DSA?s firm commitment to the highest standards of business ethics. Montana need not devote extra resources to registering legitimate direct sellers who protect their customers and salespeople through a stringent self-regulatory regimen like ours. Instead, consumer protection officials can focus on enforcing their anti-pyramid law and monitoring the actions of those not subject to strong self-regulation.?
According to the Montana statute, a multilevel distribution company is defined as ?a person that (i) sells, distributes, or supplies goods or services through independent agents, contractors, or distributors at different levels of distribution; (ii) may recruit other participants in the company; and (iii) is eligible for commissions, cross-commissions, override commissions, bonuses, refunds, dividends, or other consideration that is or may be paid as a result of the sale of goods or services or the recruitment of or the performance or actions of other participants.?
There are approximately 73,320 direct sellers in Montana ? nearly 90 percent are women working part-time to earn supplemental income.
About the Direct Selling Association
DSA is the national trade association of the leading firms that manufacture and distribute goods and services sold directly to consumers. Among its more than 240 active and pending members are companies selling both via a party-plan method and in the traditional person-to-person style. All member companies are not only required to comply with the DSA Code of Ethics to be admitted to the association, but must also continue to uphold and promote the Code as a condition of continuing membership in the association. DSA?s Code is enforced by an independent code administrator who investigates and prescribes remedies in response to salesforce and consumer complaints against member companies.
In 2011, U.S. direct sales were more than $ 29.8 billion with nearly 16 million direct sellers nationwide. The vast majority are independent business people ? micro-entrepreneurs ? whose purpose is to sell the product/service of the company they voluntarily choose to represent. Approximately 90 percent of direct sellers operate their business part-time.
For more information on direct selling, DSA and its Code of Ethics, visit http://www.dsa.org and http://www.directselling411.com.